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Thrivability Solutions Network​
Solving Global Pollution, Poverty and their Consequences

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A multi-sourced clean-energy factory (wind, solar, compost, hydrogen, etc.) is more reliable than any single source of energy. Designed so that any two of these sources, generating at peak efficiency, generates more than enough clean heat and energy to power the family's home, vehicles and associated devices, year-round.
The Jean Pain Method of Composting produces heat, methane and humus. I have been unable to find a  combined high tech version of this process to maximize efficiency, but I have found individual technologies that could be very effective if they could be combined: the AgriLabTech CHRS systems for heat recovery and the Home Biogas system for methane production.

Some varieties of algae produce abundant green liquid fuels. Hopefully they are the same types of algae that produce food, air and/or that purify water.

Finally, I am looking for the cleanest method possible of converting methane or compost to hydrogen.

Problem
Fossil fuel energy infrastructures produce a lot of pollution, Nuclear fission is a bit better, but still produces radioactive waste. Hydroelectricity is better, but hydroelectric dams require rivers to be diverted and large areas to be flooded, thus causing major ecological destruction. 

Solution
The SPACE House generates more than enough clean power for itself and the family vehicles, so the surplus can be sent back into the municipal grid.

Recommended: 
Our towns and cities already have extensive electrical and water networks, so the following infrastructure additions would quickly pay for themselves:


Distributed Energy Production 

The Small and Portable Automated Closed Ecosystem (SPACE) House integrates its own multi-source clean energy factory:
- Solar panels, artificial leaves, wind turbines, etc. are strategically positioned to provide maximum efficiency to power the entire house.
- Any additional energy they produce is used in the electrolysis of water to produce hydrogen, which is stored in safe fuel cells for use to power the home and a couple of SUVs when solar and wind are unavailable. The fuel cell reintroduces the hydrogen to oxygen as it generates electricity, producing only water as a by-product. The additional energy can also be stored in Lithium Ion batteries, organic batteries, etc.
- clean-energy-extracting toilets and also clean-energy-extracting compost systems store energy in hydrogen fuel cells, microbial fuels cells, organic batteries, Lithium Ion batteries, etc. for food refuse, leftovers and all of the plant waste from all of the plants inside and outside of the house.
- The compost is used to grow the 100% organic food and as ink for 3d printers.  

The key to the SPACE House's success is its hot-swapable, plug & play food and energy production modules. A tree module can be replaced with a wind turbine module and vice versa. A solar panel module can be replaced with a vertical garden planter module, or a hybrid version of both module and vice versa. Both electrical and irrigation lines are strategically placed in, on and around the house to guarantee abundance of food and energy. These customizable modules can be integrated into existing houses and new houses.


Centralized Energy Production 

Clean energy can also be generated at central locations in our towns and cities. Hydrogen can be extracted, at sewage treatment plants, from the vast amounts of feces and urine that we collectively produce on daily basis. Electrolysis of additional water in the sewage can further assist in the treatment, since clean and pure water is emitted by hydrogen fuel cells. Vaporizing our garbage with lightning also produces hydrogen, in arc gasification plants. We can even use just sunlight and water, with no electricity involved, to generate hydrogen with new devices that mimic the photosynthesis of plants, called the artificial leaf.

These additions result in abundant, renewable and clean energy that is locally produced, so that there is no longer any need for expensive, environmentally destructive, long-distance power distribution systems, like pipelines and electrical power lines.

These buildings will meet smart grid requirements with zero-energy and even energy plus performance, where they produce more green energy than they consume. 
https://www.smartgrid.gov/the_smart_grid/
http://www.enob.info/en/net-zero-energy-buildings/

Impact
Society saves by eliminating the need for large centralized energy infrastructures, pollution cleanup and climate change mitigation caused by environmentally unfriendly energy sources.

Clean Energy Economies are spreading fast, so here are links to help governments and businesses to keep up with this historic opportunity:

Heat Production from Compost - Compost Heat Recovery Systems CHRS
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1065657X.2016.1233082
https://onpasture.com/2014/07/28/compost-powered-heat-a-new-and-proven-form-of-renewable-energy/
Most recommended:
http://agrilabtech.com/products-new


Methane From Compost
http://theurbanfarmingguys.com/methane-biodigester-how-to
https://www.biocycle.net/2014/11/18/integrating-anaerobic-digestion-with-composting/
https://www.canadianbiomassmagazine.ca/biogas/powerful-compost-6627
http://www.alternative-energy-tutorials.com/aerobic-composting/anaerobic-composting.html
https://www.planetnatural.com/composting-101/compost-digesters/anaerobic/

Most Recommended:

https://homebiogas.com/


Hydrogen From Methane
The Jean Pain Method of Composting produces methane, so we can extract hydrogen from that as well:
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171208171749.htm
https://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Fuel-Cells/Breakthrough-In-Hydrogen-Cracking-Could-Create-Clean-Fuel.html
https://newatlas.com/hydrogen-production-methane-without-co2/40502/
https://phys.org/news/2017-02-four-stroke-hydrogen-methane-captures-co2.html


Hydrogen from Compost

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852410020353

http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jm.2015.433.439

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016236109004372

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11762604

https://books.google.ca/books?id=SNwlDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=hydrogen+production+from+compost&source=bl&ots=ppXQkJ0Yaq&sig=iSBPIG9n8C-pFgRC9bhYJkNsvDc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiksc3277HYAhVD7CYKHR7zCBYQ6AEIXDAJ#v=onepage&q=hydrogen%20production%20from%20compost&f=false


Methane and Hydrogen from Algae
http://www.oilgae.com/algae/pro/met/met.html
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-009-8560-5_23
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016630978390024X
https://www.azocleantech.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=663
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/408745/hydrogen-from-algae/
https://newatlas.com/algae-hydrogen-production-boost-tau/45831/

Algae as Energy Source
https://www.popsci.com/genetically-engineered-algae#page-4
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/114006
http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2016/12/04/algae-foodfuel-mix-is-best-fit-for-food-energy-water-land-climate-resource-tradeoffs-report/
https://phys.org/news/2016-11-marine-microalgae-sustainable-food-fuel.html
https://www.algaeconsortium.com/algal-food-and-fuel-co-production-benefiting-climate-food-water-and-land/
https://www.wired.com/2011/02/using-algae-to-clean-wastewater-make-fuel/
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150402132800.htm


Hydrogen from Garbage
http://cleantechnica.com/2013/03/26/hydrogen-gas-from-burned-garbage/
http://www.gizmag.com/hydrogen-plant-waste/36903/
http://www.foxnews.com/story/2007/11/13/bacteria-used-to-generate-hydrogen-from-garbage.html
http://www.news.com.au/technology/innovation/toyota-mirai-hydrogen-car-uses-garbage-as-fuel-powers-house-water/story-fnjwubd2-1227127198970

Hydrogen from Wastewater/Sewage
http://www.caltech.edu/news/caltech-wins-toilet-challenge-23635
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/sewage-could-provide-fuel-of-the-future/
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-02-14/sewage-derived-fuel-powers-hyundai-california-green-dream
http://news.ucsc.edu/2013/10/solar-microbial-device.html
http://www.asiabiomass.jp/english/topics/1201_02.html
http://inhabitat.com/i-drove-toyotas-new-mirai-hydrogen-car-to-a-sewage-plant-and-filled-it-with-poo-power/

Ecological Wastewater Treatment Plants
Hydroponic sewage treatment systems could also be used to grow organic food, medicine, etc. before and/or after the removal of hydrogen:
http://www.eco-innovation.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=228%3Aorganica-ecological-wastewater-treatment-systems&catid=61%3Ahungary&Itemid=61
http://www.ecological-engineering.com/solaraquatics.html
http://livingmachines.com/Home.aspx
http://www.wikiwater.fr/a-17-various-ecological-treatment.html

Transparent Solar Panel Technology

https://www.greenhousecanada.com/structures-equipment/greenhouses/an-energy-producing-greenhouse-30543

http://ubiquitous.energy/

https://solarwindow.com/

Wind Energy

Multi-Directional Wind turbines - smaller versions of these would be excellent for the rooftop of the house and/or greenhouse:
https://lifekills.me/2009/04/30/multi-directional-wind-turbines-for-the-home-vertical-axis-wind-turbine-vawt/#jp-carousel-216
http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/g538/5-wild-flying-turbines/
http://www.momtastic.com/webecoist/2009/10/25/future-in-a-flat-spin/
http://w3.windfair.net/wind-energy/news/17933-wind-lens-promises-to-solve-two-problems-of-traditional-turbines-general-inefficiency-and-noise-pollution

Renewable Energy Storage
http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/organic-battery-hailed-as-cheap-renewable-energy-solution-1.2489300
http://www.forbes.com/sites/uciliawang/2015/03/05/11-energy-storage-project-developers-to-watch/
http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/home/energy-storage

SPACE House Energy - Multiple Sources, Including Algae