building, a 5-storey residential house and the world's first 3D printed villa. The villa measures 1,100 square meters and even comes complete with internal and external decorations." - http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150118-winsun-builds-world-first-3d-printed-villa-and-tallest-3d-printed-building-in-china.html
Rent and/or mortgages are usually the second most expensive part of most people's budgets. Buying and integrating all of the tools and guides to upgrade most houses to SPACE House standards can be prohibitively expensive.
One Scalable Portable Automatable and Closable Ecosystem (SPACE) House per family can be absolutely free. How? They are mass-produced in fully-automated factories. Fully-automated factories require little or no human intervention to operate 24 hours a day, with fewer production errors and no salaries or benefits to pay. Mass production allows you to reap the savings of the 'economies of scale' without sacrificing quality. Pricing them so that healthy quantities (one per family) are absolutely free and unhealthy quantities are expensive, then it becomes easy for public and private sector grants/subsidies to cover any remaining costs, thus eliminating homelessness and other forms of poverty! ACE Houses, and everything they produce are eco-friendly, thus significantly reducing pollution, as well. Note that only the base models would be free. The versions with more features would entail a proportional monetary cost.
The key to the SPACE House's success is its hot-swapable, plug & play food and energy production modules. A tree module can be replaced with a wind turbine module and vice versa. A solar panel module can be replaced with a vertical garden planter module, or a hybrid version of both module and vice versa. Both electrical and irrigation lines are strategically placed in, on and around the house to guarantee abundance of food and energy. These customizable modules can be integrated into existing houses and new houses.
Recommended: 3D-Printed Buildings
SPACE Houses may be built with a 3d printer that uses recycled construction waste and soil as ink, or any other method that can use automated mass-production for houses that are eco-friendly, durable, healthy for humans in all seasons, Off-the-grid-ready and fire-proof.
Matured Compost/Humus as 3D printing material
Society saves by eliminating poverty, pollution produced by houses, homelessness and all of their associated costs, including welfare checks.
These buildings will meet smart grid requirements with zero-energy and even energy plus performance, where they produce more green energy than they consume.
Additionally, these buildings can be designed to include tools to encourage zero waste living, where the occupants produce little to no trash, annually.
What We Still Need to Achieve
Upgrade to ACE Certification levels:
Production - Most 3d printers for printing buildings already primarily use electricity, so it should not be hard to adapt whatever does not; to use clean electricity, hydrogen or biogas. Supply chains must also be ACE-certified.
Delivery - All big auto makers are promising Zero-emission vehicles by 2020. Mobile versions of the 3D printers could print the buildings directly at the construction site.
Operation - There are already many efficient and effective examples of zero-waste, zero-carbon, net-zero energy, off-grid, zero-emission, etc. of buildings and homes. Add hydrogen-extracting toilets to the mix and you are laughing!
Disposal - 3d printers already use recycled construction material as their ink. Continue R&D into eco-friendly and recyclable materials for the ink.
Fully-Automate the Mass Production of ACE-Certified Buildings:
Fix above glitches and then fully-automate their mass production, to provide extreme affordability. Fully-automated factories require little or no human intervention to operate 24 hours a day, with fewer production errors and no salaries or benefits to pay. Mass production allows you to reap the savings of the economies of scale without sacrificing quality. These significant savings are passed on to consumers. The low costs of the products can be distributed so that healthy quantities, for each person, becomes absolutely free and unhealthy quantities become prohibitively expensive. Public and private sector grants/subsidies assist in filling any financial gaps; thus ending homelessness.
3D-printed 5-story apartment building and $161k US mansion by China's WinSun Decoration Design Engineering Co.
3D-Printed Buildings have incredible potential to easily meet the strictest SPACE Certification levels throughout their entire lifecycles. Fully-automated mass production (Fully-AMP) should be easy, since the printers can already mass produce buildings:
"On March 29, 2014, ten 3D printed houses, each measuring 200 square meters, appeared in Shanghai, China. The buildings were created entirely out of concrete using a gigantic 3D printer, and each costs only 30,000 RMB ($4,800).
Today, just ten months after the initial project, the company behind these 3D printed buildings, Shanghai WinSun Decoration Design Engineering Co, made a new announcement that will take 3D printed buildings to a whole new level: they have built the highest 3D printed
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