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Engineers and other relevant specialists need to combine the inexpensive Flash Graphene production process (which also generates significant amounts of hydrogen) using most of our landfill trash (compost, paper, plastics, rubbers, etc.); with plasma arc gasification waste treatment plants. The flash graphene process heats tiny amounts of trash to 5000 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) for less than a second to produce the flash graphene. Plasma arc gasification systems "heat the waste to temperatures anywhere from about 1000–15,000°C (1800–27,000°F), but typically in the lower end of that range." These systems can process up to a 100 metric tons per day. Thus flash graphene could be mass produced with modifications to existing technologies. A miniaturized version can then be designed to be incorporated in the ACE house, as the household waste reactor. Wooden buildings, like most houses can be converted into flash graphene to build new, maintenance-free houses.
Engineers and other relevant specialists need to adapt/develop 3D construction printers;
to use Flash Graphene to print all, or most, of the components of the ACE House and its robots, quickly and inexpensively.
There is no hard and fast rule for the design of beautiful and effective disaster-proof homes. Minimal footprint on land to minimize ecological damage is one of many impressive features of the SpaceHouse from the ESA. Modularity is key to future updates and upgrades! Shipping containers are mobile, modular and have been successfully converted into houses, greenhouses, etc.
Plant-based graphene aerogel can be used to create transparent, durable, lightweight, conductive, portable and well-insulated versions of modular greenhouses and planters for all climates and weather. The ultra-lightweight and strength of an aerographene aeroponics greenhouse could be used as the roof of the family home.
Architects and other relevant specialists need to adapt/develop houses and greenhouse combinations that are attactive, functional and 3-D printable. The house integrates municipal housing infrastructure systems like; clean power production, pollution control, food production, water works and sewage treatment; making the external and costly versions unnecessary and obsolete. The self-reliance it provides also facilitates thorough self-isolation needed during pandemics. An ACE Housing Standard could resolve many of our worst problems by upgrading all buildings, not just homes.
Graphene additives for cement significantly increases its strength, flexibility and durability. Additives also enable super thin, light and high efficiency thermal insulation, solar panels, protective coatings, etc.