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Scalable and Portable ACE Houses: An All-In-One Solution to Global Problems

1. Combine technologies to mass produce graphene inexpensively from our garbage, recycling and compost production on Earth:
Graphene is a wonder material that is: 200 times stronger than steel, lighter than air, excellent electrical and heat conductor, etc. The
flash graphene process heats tiny amounts of trash to 5000 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) for less than a second to produce the flash graphene. Plasma arc gasification systems "heat the waste to temperatures anywhere from about 1000–15,000°C (1800–27,000°F), but typically in the lower end of that range."  These systems can process up to a 100 metric tons per day. Thus flash graphene could be mass produced with modifications to existing technologies. A miniaturized version (Waste to Compost, Clean Energy and Flash Graphene Reactor) can then be designed to be incorporated in the ACE house, as the household waste reactor. Wooden buildings, like most houses can be converted into flash graphene to build new, maintenance-free  ACE houses. The flash process also generates significant amounts of hydrogen.

                                                             +                                  =                                         +

Carbon Sources                                         5000°F Electric Jolt                       Flash Graphene                                     Clean Hydrogen

2. Develop and perfect the ACE House and the ACE House Standard on Earth's surface, where it is safe to do so.

​3. The SPACE House module is an inflatable, multi-purpose, flash graphene-based, space colony version of the ACE House. It has the equivalent living space of a 10 000 square-foot house. Why such a large greenhouse? Plants provide the raw materials for food, medicine, clothing, clean air, building materials, clean energy and variety of other essential and useful products.


                                                              SPACE House module (sample configuration)

               Living Quarters                 Ecosystem of Necessities Greenhouse

               2000 sq ft                           8000 sq ft

4. These modules can serve as a normal house on a planetary surface. They can also be deployed in space, where they interconnect to form a rotating ring version of a space station. 

  • Two, or more,  miles in diameter
  • Several of these rings can interconnect to make a cylinder, like a package of Lifesavers candies. 
  • The ends of the cylinder are capped and sealed. The hollow interior is then pressurized and terraformed. 
  • This type of space colony is called an O’Neill Cylinder.

                                                         +                                  =

Thrivability Torus                                         Interconnected into a Cylinder                           O`Neill Cylinder

5. All buildings on the terraformed, inner surface of the Cylinder must meet the ACE housing standards. These standards guarantee a reliable supply of basic necessities and zero pollution,  These guarantees significantly reduce the worst forms of scarcity-based: Stress, illness, poverty, pollution, crimes, wars, etc. Hundreds of thousands of these cylinders, known as a Dyson Swarm, will allow billions of people to safely live, work and play in space. After a large portion of humanity and all heavy industry move to space, the Earth will be able to heal.


How does the SPACE House compare to other Closed Ecosystem solutions?

European Space Agency’s Melissa

Melissa uses a Closed Loop Concept:
“The driving element of MELiSSA is the recovering of food, water and oxygen from organic waste carbon dioxide and minerals, using light as source of energy to promote biological photosynthesis. It is an assembly of processes (mechanical grinding, bioreactors, filtration, wet oxidation, etc.) aiming at a total conversion of the organic wastes and CO2 to oxygen, water and food.
It is based on the principle of an "aquatic" lake ecosystem where waste products are processed using the metabolism of plants and algae which in return provide food, air revitalization and water purification.”

The ACE House includes a robust Closed Loop that can accept outside inputs. In addition to food, water and oxygen, the ACE House recovers clean energy, clean heat, biofuel (which can be cleanly converted into hydrogen), clothing, medicine and completely recycles human waste. It also renders expensive and ecologically destructive electricity grid and water works infrastructures useless and thus recyclable.

University of Arizona’s Biosphere 2

Biosphere 2 uses the domed city approach:
“The University of Arizona Biosphere 2 consists of a unique large-scale experimental apparatus housing seven model ecosystems, a team of multidisciplinary scientists, a broad science education and public outreach program, and a modern conference center. The seven model ecosystems are: 1) a mature rain forest with over 90 tropical tree species, 2) a 2600 m3 ocean, 3) forested swamps dominated by mangrove trees, 4) a tropical savanna grassland, 5) a 1400 m2 coastal fog desert, 6) three desert hillslope grass-shrubland landscapes, and 7) Biosphere 2, its campus, and associated buildings and facilities serve as a 162,000 m2 model city and urban ecosystem. The Biosphere 2 Science Program addresses societal grand challenges related to water, environmental and energy management through design of large-scale experimentation in each of these model ecosystems. These experiments support the development of computer models that simulate the biological, physical and chemical processes to predict ecosystem response to environmental change. In return, these coupled-systems model simulations inform scientists about the next level of experimentation needed to advance understanding of these complex systems’ responses that can be tested against observations in natural systems.”

It is far easier and less expensive to design and build a dome for a city filled with ACE Houses instead of conventional houses. ACE Houses are already designed to be self-sufficient in completely eco-friendly ways. The only way they disturb the surrounding ecosystem is by their mere presence. Thus, they should be strategically placed to minimize ecological harm, while maximizing exposure to sun and wind. The ACE House could benefit from the many lessons learned from Biosphere 2, like incorporating the lung to regulate seasonal variations in atmospheric pressure and heat levels, not using concrete (at least not the type that absorbs oxygen), etc.

University of Guelph’s Controlled Environment Systems Research Facility (CESRF)

The CESRF explores plant growth in a large variety of highly controlled and precise growing environments and conditions:
“The Controlled Environment Systems Research Facility and its Space and Advanced Life Support Agriculture program are an essential part of Canada's contributions to plant research and development for space and closed environment related activities. The prospect of a higher priority for advanced life support research objectives in the Canadian Space Agency's Long Term Space Plan and the strong support of NASA's Advanced Life Support (ALS) community provide a clear incentive and opportunity to promote our capabilities in this area. In addition, our ongoing contract with the European Space Agency's MELiSSA Project promises to expand to include a broader scope of objectives in life support studies.”

The CESRF would be invaluable to help configure and calibrate the EON Greenhouse for any and all varieties of growing environments and conditions.

NASA’s Advanced Life Support

Ames Research Center’s ALS develops high tech replacements for nature’s processes:
“Role of Ames in Advanced Life Support
NASA Ames is providing ALS research and development of innovative technologies for use on the International Space Station, crewed transit vehicles, and surface habitats. The primary research and technology development emphasis is on air regeneration, water recovery, solid waste processing, and system integration, modeling and analysis tools.
Recent ALS Technologies Developed at ARC
Water Recovery – Vapor Phase Catalytic Ammonia Removal (VPCAR)
VPCAR is a single-step water recovery system that requires no consumables or maintenance for three years. The Equivalent Systems Mass metric of VPCAR (the combination of total system mass, power, volume, etc.) is five times better than the current state-of-the-art ISS (International Space Station) water recovery system. At TRL 5-6, VPCAR is a key candidate life support subsystem technology baselined for missions beyond low Earth orbit.”

The complementary technologies of the ALS and the AEON Greenhouse could easily be integrated into the ACE House to back each other up as redundant Life Support systems.