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"A vactrain (or vacuum tube train) is a proposed design for very-high-speed rail transportation. It is a maglev (magnetic levitation) line using evacuated (air-less) or partly evacuated tubes or tunnels. The lack of air resistance could permit vactrains to travel at very high speeds—up to 4,000–5,000 mph (6,400–8,000 km/h), which is 5–6 times the speed of sound in Earth's atmosphere at sea level—using relatively little power. Vactrains might use gravity to assist their acceleration. If these trains achieve the predicted speeds, the trip between Beijing and New York would take less than 2 hours, surpassing aircraft as the world's fastest mode of public transportation."
What We Already Have Achieved
"The Shanghai Maglev Train or Shanghai Transrapid - is a magnetic levitation train, or maglev line that operates in Shanghai, China.This maglev train is the first commercially operated high-speed magnetic levitation line in the world and only the third Maglev line to be operated. The train line was designed to connect Shanghai Pudong International Airport and the outskirts of central Pudong where passengers could interchange to the Shanghai Metro to continue their trip to the city center."
What We Still Need to Achieve
Upgrade to ACE Certification levels:
Production - Vehicle construction factories already primarily use electricity, so it should not be hard to adapt whatever does not; to use clean electricity, hydrogen or biogas. Supply chains must also be ACE-certified.
Delivery - Zero-emission vehicles and transportation systems are needed and arriving soon.
Operation - Zero-emission vehicles, like fully electric and hydrogen fuel cell models are starting to trickle out with most car makers promising models of both versions to be available by 2020.
Disposal - Most vehicles are mostly, if not completely recyclable, so continue R&D into making vehicles 100% recyclable.
Fully-Automate the Mass Production of ACE-Certified Transportation Systems:
Fix above glitches and then fully-automate their mass production, to provide extreme affordability. Fully-automated factories require little or no human intervention to operate 24 hours a day, with fewer production errors and no salaries or benefits to pay. Mass production allows you to reap the savings of the economies of scale without sacrificing quality. These significant savings are passed on to consumers. The low costs of the products can be distributed so that healthy quantities, for each person, becomes absolutely free and unhealthy quantities become prohibitively expensive. Public and private sector grants/subsidies assist in filling any financial gaps; thus ending issues stemming from lack of mobility.
Eco-Tunnel: Self-Assembling Vacuum Tube Using Pre-existing Guideway(s)
Vactrain variants are still mostly theoretical because the advanced tubes/tunnels they need to operate are too expensive to build. Solution: Build guideways/rails that are anchored to maglev-type pylons / reinforced high-tension wire pylons. These can be deployed over almost any terrain, with minimal ecological damage. Once the guideway(s) are built ,then folded-up tube modules can be transported by train or by truck to the construction site. The first module anchors itself at the beginning of the rails, then it automatically unfolds into a tube configuration. The next module goes through the tube, stops at the exit and goes through the same process, anchoring itself to the previous module and the rails, and so on... Coupled with the automated mass production of the components, the total construction costs will be very low, while the construction quality will be very high, safe and durable.
The Eco-Tunnel could be used to:
- significantly reduce the costs of the Hyperloop invention proposed by billionaire inventor Elon Musk
- create a thrival transportation system that could be used in and between towns and cities, nationally and internationally
- create an inexpensive, safe and reliable Earth-to-orbit transportation system
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Solving Global Pollution, Poverty and their Consequences